Terpenes in Cannabis

Terpenes are the primary constituents of essential oils and are responsible for the aroma characteristics of cannabis. Together with the cannabinoids, terpenes illustrate synergic and/or entourage effect and their interactions have only been speculated in for the last few decades.


Terpenes - Terpinolene

Found in lilacs, nutmeg, cumin and apples. piney, floral, herbaceous, and even a little citrusy. It is found in various plants, including cannabis, and contributes to fresh pine trees and citrus aromas. Studies suggest that terpinolene has sedative properties.


Terpenes - Ocimene

Ocimene, a monoterpene also identified as Beta-Ocimene, is derived from the Greek word "Ocimum," which means basil. In the perfume industry, ocimene is commonly used for its sweet, floral, and herbaceous aromatic profile.


Terpenes - Caryophyllene

Found in aromatic oils like rosemary and clove oil, and in nature it’s most commonly found in hops, cloves, black pepper, oregano, cinnamon, and basil. It’s responsible for the slight bite of pungency associated with smelling cracked pepper.


Terpenes - Limonene

Limonene terpenes are aromatic compounds found in cannabis (and elsewhere - such as in the rinds of lemons, limes, and oranges). Limonene terpenes are often identified by their citrusy, zesty fragrance and flavor. In its essential oil form, limonene is often used in cleaning products, cosmetics, and to add citrusy flavors to foods.


Terpenes - Pinene

Pinene is one of the most abundant terpenes in nature. Pinene is an aromatic compound commonly found in cannabis that smells a lot like a forest of pine trees.


Terpenes - Myrcene

Commonly found in lemongrass, hop (Humulus Lupulus), mango, verbena, bay leaves, and thyme, among others. It is the most abundant terpene in cannabis. Beyond cannabis, myrcene is found in hops and is responsible for the peppery, spicy, balsam fragrance in beer. It’s also expressed in lemongrass, which has been used in traditional folk medicine for centuries.